Even before you determine which seeds you want to plant, you must determine the location for your vegetable garden and plan in detail. Find a place with lots of sun on your yard and start there. If you do not have a large enough area for all you want to plant, you can choose to build plant beds. It is common to plant vegetables in containers on terraces, decks, or in other places with sufficient sunlight. Vegetable gardens must receive about 6 hours of full sunshine a day.
Many vegetables will thrive with this condition because the soil will warm up quickly and stay warm longer, promoting healthy growth. Elevated planting sites also make better drainage, because water cannot flood plants and waterlogged soil. This is also important when a rain storm hits for drainage reasons.
Next, you need to consider the quality of the land where you grow vegetables. The soil must be fertile and provide many vitamins and nutrients for plants. You can add a lot of organic topsoil like good compost. If you replant in the same place as last year, there’s not much that can be done other than enriching the soil with additional organic matter because last year’s plants might suck up most of the nutrients from the soil. The soil must be light and airy, allowing roots to grow healthily.
Draw a scheme for each seed. Considering the distance of planting is very important. Some vegetables do not need a lot of space to thrive while even though there are also lots of them. Some roots are shallow while some root is deep. Take advantage of the knowledge you have about each seed specifically and make better use of space. If you plant a row of rooting vegetables inside, take advantage of the space between the seeds by planting shallow rooting plants. They will not obstruct each other. Another thing to consider is the direction facing your plantation. If you plant a combination of plants, you must place them in accordance with the height so that the taller plants do not shade the shorter ones. Higher plants must be on the far side of the sun. This will prevent larger plants from shorter shade.
Set the path for your walk early so that you don’t trek through your garden, pressing too much on the ground can damage the roots, or move the seeds. Mark the planting place well, pay attention to what you plant, when you plant, and when you will expect sprouts.
After you develop a clear plan, you can start sowing seeds. Use pegs and a rope to make sure the lines are straight. Place the seeds at the right depth and adjust the distance. Not all will germinate and additional seeds will include those that don’t. Cover the seeds firmly, make a cocoon of moisture and light water, making sure not to disturb the seeds or roots. Always keep the seeds moist to ensure stable growth. When you see them germinate for the first time, be patient. Wait until they grow two or three leaves before trimming them.
If you plant during the hot summer months, do it in the morning or evening, after the temperature has cooled down a little. Heat can take up too much nutrients from plants, making the transition more stressful, causing plants to grow less.
When you feel the freshness of home-grown sweet corn or ripe tomatoes at your family’s dining table, you will know that all the hard work is worth it. Gardening at home is also a great way to spend time with your children, teaching them that hard work and perseverance are paid directly with vegetables grown at home so delicious.